Eye Injury: First Aid

To lessen the risk of permanent damage caused by eye injuries, it is important to treat eye injuries immediately. Consult your ophthalmologist as soon as possible.

First-aid for cuts in or around the eye:

  • Bandage the eye gently.
  • Do not rub the eye or apply pressure.
  • Do not try to remove any particles.
  • Do not wash out the eye.

First-aid when foreign particles enter the eye:

  • Pull the upper lid down onto lower lid and let lower eyelashes sweep away the particle by blinking repeatedly.
  • Let tears wash out the speck or particle, or use an eye wash.
  • Close your eye and seek medical attention immediately if the above procedure does not work.
  • Do not rub the eye.

First-aid for chemical splashes:

  • Use fingers to separates lids, then flush the eye with water from a faucet or clean container.
  • Seek medical attention immediately.
  • Cover the eye.

First-aid for physical trauma to the eye:

  • Gently apply small cold compresses without pressure immediately to reduce pain and swelling.
  • Contact your ophthalmologist or primary care physician immediately.

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